before i show you how to install tor in ubuntu hardy, i am going to explain a little bit what exactly tor is.
Tor is a software project that helps you defend against traffic analysis, a form of network surveillance that threatens personal freedom and privacy, confidential business activities and relationships, and state security. Tor protects you by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world: it prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, and it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location. Tor works with many of your existing applications, including web browsers, instant messaging clients, remote login, and other applications based on the TCP protocol.
Retrieved from torproject.org
So if you want more information go and visit torproject.org and you will be able to answer all your questions. so now lets go and install tor in ubuntu.
- Open your “Terminal” and type “sudo apt-get install tor”
- after tor is installed now you will need to install privoxy. for that you will need to go to this page and download you system architecture version (http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=11118&package_id=35042&release_id=627607). in my case is privoxy_3.0.10-1_i386.deb.after having both programs install now is all about configuration of just one of them ;).
- now, on your “Terminal” make a copy of the configuration file from privoxy folder. in my case would be “sudo cp /etc/privoxy/config /etc/privoxy/config-backup”
- make a new file with “sudo nano /etc/privoxy/config”
- paste the following information:
# Generally, this file goes in /etc/privoxy/config
# Tor listens as a SOCKS4a proxy here:
forward-socks4a / 127.0.0.1:9050 .
actionsfile standard # Internal purpose, recommended
actionsfile default # Main actions file
actionsfile user # User customizations
# Don’t log interesting things, only startup messages, warnings and errors
#debug 0 # show each GET/POST/CONNECT request
debug 4096 # Startup banner and warnings
debug 8192 # Errors – *we highly recommended enabling this*
Retrieve from https://wiki.torproject.org/noreply/TheOnionRouter/PrivoxyConfig
- exit out from the program (nano NOT terminal) and save it.
- go to this site to install the tor plug in for firefox. Tor Plug in.
- after firefox is restarted click on the “Tor Disabled” button in the bottom to enable it, and to check that it works properly go to check tor installation.
if it works, congrats. if it doesn’t sorry. go back and check this tutorial or go to tor website to get support.