this one will allow you to have the lastest verison of amarok in your sources.
- add the following line to your sources list
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/kubuntu-members-kde4/ubuntu intrepid main
- then find “amarok-kde4” on synaptic manager and install it
- the upgrade will take care of deleting the old amarok and installing the new one in
i’ve been using the older version of openoffice and i wanted to upgrade to 3.0 in ubuntu. well it is not as easy as … i download the files and then click upgrade. there are repositories that i need to download in order to install them properly. you will be using ppa (personal package archive) in order to have such of installation.
so what i did in order to have this upgrade automatically is the following steps:
- first you will need to open “
synaptic package manager“
- go to “third-party software” tab and then click on “add”
- add this following line
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/openoffice-pkgs/ubuntu intrepid main
- now reload the package information the synaptic package manager and then upgrade
This tutorial will illustrate how to install OpenVPN on a Linux box using Fedora 9 as a server and using Windows XP as your client PC. This is totally free and you will be able to connect to your Virtual Private Network (VPN) all around the world with no problem.
- Open up “
- Become a super user type “
- Now your password
- Type “
yum install openvpn“
- Copy the RSA keys to the openvpn folder
cp -R /usr/share/openvpn/easy-rsa/ /etc/openvpn
- Make a directory for your keys
- Edit “
vars” by typing
- Set the parameters for
KEY_MAIL as desired
- add this new line “
- Initialize PKI
- Build CA
- Build server key
y“, then “
- Generate certificates for your clients
y“, then “
NOTE: If you want to add future users.
do a “source ./vars” THEN build your key
- Generate Diffie Hellman parameters
- Copy server configuration files and edit
cp /usr/share/doc/openvpn-2.1/sample-config-files/server.conf /etc/openvpn/
- Go to these lines and edit them
if you want to have your VPN being route to your LAN then take out ; from push “route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0” and change to the current settings of your LAN
- You are almost done. 😉 Now start your OpenVPN server
service openvpn start
chkconfig openvpn on
- To setup the client. Go to your windows machine and you will go to this site http://openvpn.se/download.html and download their GUI and install it, once you are done come back and finish this 😀
- Download the ca.crt, client1.crt and client1.key to the windows machine from your linux box. insert these files in “
- Copy the sample file from “
C:\Program Files\OpenVPN\sample-config\client.ovpn” and paste it on “
- Now edit your client.ovpn and configure it. Open “
- Edit “
remote my-server-1 1194” where my-server-1 is going to be the ip address of your server
where these now are going to be
- Take out ; for the ns-cert-type server
- And that’s it. you should be able to connect to your server and to others computers in that LAN. Congrats. If you wan to test your connection “ping 10.8.0.” which it is your VPN server.
If you are having any trouble with the connection please make sure that your firewall is allowing port 1194. If you are behind a NAT also make sure that you are allowing that port.
NOTE: This tutorial worked for me but it might not work for you. So it is not grantee. Do it at your own risk.